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9th August 2020 
Counselling/Psychotherapy. Free Consultation - Blue

What is Anxiety

Fear and anxiety are normal responses to certain situations. We all experience these feelings at some point in our lives. For example, you might worry about a situation at work, or money matters. These feelings are unpleasant but part of our internal survival mechanism, now known as ‘fight or flight.’

Your brain responds to a threat or danger by releasing stress hormones such as adrenaline and cortisol. These hormones cause your body to either fight, flee or freeze in response to threat. Even if the danger is just in your imagination, as your brain doesn't know what's real or imagined, so will respond in the same way. These hormones cause the physical symptoms of anxiety. Once the threatening situation has stopped, your body will usually return to normal.

But if you have an anxiety disorder these feelings of fear and danger can be ongoing and interrupt your daily routine long after the threat has gone. They can make you feel like things are worse than they actually are.

Everyone’s experience of anxiety disorders is different. Not everyone who has an anxiety disorder will experience the same symptoms.

Mental symptoms of anxiety can include:

racing thoughts,
uncontrollable over thinking,
difficulties concentrating,
feelings of dread, panic or ‘impending doom’,
feeling irritable,
heightened alertness,
problems with sleep,
changes in appetite,
wanting to escape from the situation you are in, and
dissociation.
If you dissociate you might feel like you are not connected to your own body. Or like you are watching things happen around you, without feeling them.


Physical symptoms of anxiety can include:

sweating,
heavy and fast breathing,
hot flushes or blushing,
dry mouth,
shaking,
hair loss,
fast heartbeat,
extreme tiredness or lack of energy
dizziness and fainting, and
stomach aches and sickness.
Anxiety can often lead to depression.

Credit to Rethink.org

What causes Anxiety

Your Amagydala in the brain creates the anxiety, and it takes the que from your thoughts. Your thoughts come from either a real or imagined threat.